10 Years After the Failure of Lehman Brothers: What Have We Learned?

The OECD, NAEC and partners for a New Economy, held a meeting in Paris on 13-14 September 2018 directed to this question. Bill White was a panel member commenting on a presentation by Maurice Obstfeld, Chief Economist of the IMF. Given that the panel was at the end of the proceedings, Bill gave his answer to the question, conditioned by what he had heard during the conference. He concluded that we had not learned much, since thepolicies followed post crisis were “more of the same” policies folowed pre-crisis. To achieve a true paradigm shift will require economists embacing the idea that the economy is not a machine, but  a complex, adaptive system like many others in nature and society.