The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse

In this article, published in the Winter edition of “The International Economy” magazine, William White identifies four interrelated and systemic problems, akin to the biblical Four Horsemen, that need urgent and simultaneous attention.¬† Our economic, political, environmental and health systems are all operating under severe stress. Moreover, their interrelatedness implies that failure anywhere could well lead to failure elsewhere, and potentially everywhere. Where we are is not a good place to be. Recognizing the analytical uncertainties involved, and also the associated difficulties of turning plans into concrete actions, White then makes some tentative suggestions as to how policy might respond to these threats.