Graduation ceremony at the University of Manchester

William White gave the commencement address to the graduating class of the School of Social Sciences at the University of Manchester on 12 July. After congratulating the graduates for their success, due in part to their own efforts, White urged them to reflect that simple “good luck” might also have played a role. If so, they had a moral obligation to create “good luck” for others. He went on to suggest that the economic world they were entering would be unusually challenging. Yet, it would also provide opportunities for economists with good professional training, which the University of Manchester had provided, and for those with enough humility to recognize the further need for a lifetime of adaptation and learning.